Browse Source

Move 3rd Party source to a new directory.

Rationalise Fatfs code and fix a couple of configuration issues.
remotes/origin_old/ugfx_release_2.6
inmarket 8 years ago
parent
commit
efa13a879d
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@ -1,120 +1,118 @@
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd">
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8">
<meta http-equiv="Content-Style-Type" content="text/css">
<meta http-equiv="cache-control" content="no-cache">
<meta name="description" content="Open source FAT file system module for embedded projects">
<link rel="start" title="Site Top" href="../../">
<link rel="up" title="Freewares" href="../../fsw_e.html">
<link rel="alternate" hreflang="ja" title="Japanese version" href="00index_j.html">
<link rel="stylesheet" href="css_e.css" type="text/css" media="screen" title="ELM Default">
<title>FatFs - Generic FAT File System Module</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>FatFs - Generic FAT File System Module</h1>
<hr>
<div class="abst">
<img src="img/layers.png" class="rset" width="245" height="255" alt="layer">
<p>FatFs is a generic FAT file system module for small embedded systems. The FatFs is written in compliance with ANSI C and completely separated from the disk I/O layer. Therefore it is independent of hardware architecture. It can be incorporated into small microcontrollers with limited resource, such as AVR, 8051, PIC, ARM, Z80, 68k and etc... Petit FatFs module is also available <a href="http://elm-chan.org/fsw/ff/00index_p.html">here</a>↗ for tiny microcontrollers.</p>
<h4>Features</h4>
<ul>
<li>Windows compatible FAT file system.</li>
<li>Platform independent. Easy to port.</li>
<li>Very small footprint for code and work area.</li>
<li>Various configuration options:
<ul>
<li>Multiple volumes (physical drives and partitions).</li>
<li>Multiple ANSI/OEM code pages including DBCS.</li>
<li>Long file name support in ANSI/OEM or Unicode.</li>
<li>RTOS support.</li>
<li>Multiple sector size support.</li>
<li>Read-only, minimized API, I/O buffer and etc...</li>
</ul>
</li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="para">
<h3>Application Interface</h3>
<p>FatFs module provides following functions to the applications. In other words, this list describes what FatFs can do to access the FAT volumes.</p>
<ul>
<li><a href="en/mount.html">f_mount</a> - Register/Unregister a work area</li>
<li><a href="en/open.html">f_open</a> - Open/Create a file</li>
<li><a href="en/close.html">f_close</a> - Close an open file</li>
<li><a href="en/read.html">f_read</a> - Read file</li>
<li><a href="en/write.html">f_write</a> - Write file</li>
<li><a href="en/lseek.html">f_lseek</a> - Move read/write pointer, Expand file size</li>
<li><a href="en/truncate.html">f_truncate</a> - Truncate file size</li>
<li><a href="en/sync.html">f_sync</a> - Flush cached data</li>
<li><a href="en/forward.html">f_forward</a> - Forward file data to the stream</li>
<li><a href="en/stat.html">f_stat</a> - Check existance of a file or sub-directory</li>
<li><a href="en/opendir.html">f_opendir</a> - Open a directory</li>
<li><a href="en/closedir.html">f_closedir</a> - Close an open directory</li>
<li><a href="en/readdir.html">f_readdir</a> - Read a directory item</li>
<li><a href="en/mkdir.html">f_mkdir</a> - Create a sub-directory</li>
<li><a href="en/unlink.html">f_unlink</a> - Remove a file or sub-directory</li>
<li><a href="en/chmod.html">f_chmod</a> - Change attribute</li>
<li><a href="en/utime.html">f_utime</a> - Change timestamp</li>
<li><a href="en/rename.html">f_rename</a> - Rename/Move a file or sub-directory</li>
<li><a href="en/chdir.html">f_chdir</a> - Change current directory</li>
<li><a href="en/chdrive.html">f_chdrive</a> - Change current drive</li>
<li><a href="en/getcwd.html">f_getcwd</a> - Retrieve the current directory</li>
<li><a href="en/getfree.html">f_getfree</a> - Get free space on the volume</li>
<li><a href="en/getlabel.html">f_getlabel</a> - Get volume label</li>
<li><a href="en/setlabel.html">f_setlabel</a> - Set volume label</li>
<li><a href="en/mkfs.html">f_mkfs</a> - Create a file system on the drive</li>
<li><a href="en/fdisk.html">f_fdisk</a> - Divide a physical drive</li>
<li><a href="en/gets.html">f_gets</a> - Read a string</li>
<li><a href="en/putc.html">f_putc</a> - Write a character</li>
<li><a href="en/puts.html">f_puts</a> - Write a string</li>
<li><a href="en/printf.html">f_printf</a> - Write a formatted string</li>
<li><a href="en/tell.html">f_tell</a> - Get current read/write pointer</li>
<li><a href="en/eof.html">f_eof</a> - Test for end-of-file on a file</li>
<li><a href="en/size.html">f_size</a> - Get size of a file</li>
<li><a href="en/error.html">f_error</a> - Test for an error on a file</li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="para">
<h3>Disk I/O Interface</h3>
<p>Since the FatFs module is completely separated from disk I/O layer, it requires following functions to access the storage device. When O/S related feature is enabled, it will require process/memory functions in addition. However the low level disk I/O module is not a part of FatFs module, so that it must be provided by user. The sample implementations are also available in the downloads.</p>
<ul>
<li><a href="en/dstat.html">disk_status</a> - Get device status</li>
<li><a href="en/dinit.html">disk_initialize</a> - Initialize device</li>
<li><a href="en/dread.html">disk_read</a> - Read sector(s)</li>
<li><a href="en/dwrite.html">disk_write</a> - Write sector(s)</li>
<li><a href="en/dioctl.html">disk_ioctl</a> - Control device dependent features</li>
<li><a href="en/fattime.html">get_fattime</a> - Get current time</li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="para">
<h3>Resources</h3>
<p>The FatFs module is a free software opened for education, research and development. You can use, modify and/or redistribute it for personal projects or commercial products without any restriction under your responsibility. For further information, refer to the application note.</p>
<ul>
<li><a href="http://elm-chan.org/fsw/ff/bd/"><em>FatFs User Forum</em></a></li>
<li>Read first: <a href="en/appnote.html">FatFs module application note</a></li>
<li>Latest Information: <a href="http://elm-chan.org/fsw/ff/00index_e.html">http://elm-chan.org/fsw/ff/00index_e.html</a></li>
<li><a href="http://nemuisan.blog.bai.ne.jp/">Nemuisan's Blog</a>↗ (Well written implementations for STM32F/SDIO and LPC2300/MCI)</li>
<li><a href="http://www.siwawi.arubi.uni-kl.de/avr_projects/arm_projects/arm_memcards/index.html">ARM-Projects by Martin THOMAS</a>↗ (Examples for LPC2000, AT91SAM and STM32)</li>
<li><a href="http://www.microsoft.com/whdc/system/platform/firmware/fatgen.mspx">FAT32 Specification by Microsoft</a>↗ (The reference document on FAT file system)</li>
<li><a href="http://elm-chan.org/docs/fat.html">The basics of FAT file system [ja]</a></li>
<li><a href="http://elm-chan.org/docs/mmc/mmc_e.html">How to Use MMC/SDC</a></li>
<li><a href="img/rwtest.png">Benchmark 1</a> (ATmega64/9.2MHz with MMC via SPI, HDD/CFC via GPIO)</li>
<li><a href="img/rwtest2.png">Benchmark 2</a> (LPC2368/72MHz with MMC via MCI)</li>
<li><a href="http://members.jcom.home.ne.jp/felm/fd.mp4">Demo movie of an application</a> (this project is in ffsample.zip/lpc23xx)</li>
</ul>
</div>
<hr>
<p class="foot"><a href="../../fsw_e.html">Return</a></p>
</body>
</html>
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd">
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8">
<meta http-equiv="Content-Style-Type" content="text/css">
<meta http-equiv="cache-control" content="no-cache">
<meta name="description" content="Open source FAT file system module for embedded projects">
<link rel="alternate" hreflang="ja" title="Japanese version" href="00index_j.html">
<link rel="stylesheet" href="css_e.css" type="text/css" media="screen" title="ELM Default">
<title>FatFs - Generic FAT File System Module</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>FatFs - Generic FAT File System Module</h1>
<hr>
<div class="abst">
<img src="img/layers.png" class="rset" width="245" height="255" alt="layer">
<p>FatFs is a generic FAT file system module for small embedded systems. The FatFs is written in compliance with ANSI C and completely separated from the disk I/O layer. Therefore it is independent of hardware architecture. It can be incorporated into small microcontrollers with limited resource, such as AVR, 8051, PIC, ARM, Z80, 68k and etc. Also Petit FatFs module for tiny microcontrollers is available <a href="http://elm-chan.org/fsw/ff/00index_p.html">here</a>.</p>
<h4>Features</h4>
<ul>
<li>Windows compatible FAT file system.</li>
<li>Platform independent. Easy to port.</li>
<li>Very small footprint for code and work area.</li>
<li>Various configuration options:
<ul>
<li>Multiple volumes (physical drives and partitions).</li>
<li>Multiple ANSI/OEM code pages including DBCS.</li>
<li>Long file name support in ANSI/OEM or Unicode.</li>
<li>RTOS support.</li>
<li>Multiple sector size support.</li>
<li>Read-only, minimized API, I/O buffer and etc...</li>
</ul>
</li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="para">
<h3>Application Interface</h3>
<p>FatFs module provides following functions to the applications. In other words, this list describes what FatFs can do to access the FAT volumes.</p>
<ul>
<li><a href="en/mount.html">f_mount</a> - Register/Unregister a work area</li>
<li><a href="en/open.html">f_open</a> - Open/Create a file</li>
<li><a href="en/close.html">f_close</a> - Close an open file</li>
<li><a href="en/read.html">f_read</a> - Read file</li>
<li><a href="en/write.html">f_write</a> - Write file</li>
<li><a href="en/lseek.html">f_lseek</a> - Move read/write pointer, Expand file size</li>
<li><a href="en/truncate.html">f_truncate</a> - Truncate file size</li>
<li><a href="en/sync.html">f_sync</a> - Flush cached data</li>
<li><a href="en/forward.html">f_forward</a> - Forward file data to the stream</li>
<li><a href="en/stat.html">f_stat</a> - Check existance of a file or sub-directory</li>
<li><a href="en/opendir.html">f_opendir</a> - Open a directory</li>
<li><a href="en/closedir.html">f_closedir</a> - Close an open directory</li>
<li><a href="en/readdir.html">f_readdir</a> - Read a directory item</li>
<li><a href="en/mkdir.html">f_mkdir</a> - Create a sub-directory</li>
<li><a href="en/unlink.html">f_unlink</a> - Remove a file or sub-directory</li>
<li><a href="en/chmod.html">f_chmod</a> - Change attribute</li>
<li><a href="en/utime.html">f_utime</a> - Change timestamp</li>
<li><a href="en/rename.html">f_rename</a> - Rename/Move a file or sub-directory</li>
<li><a href="en/chdir.html">f_chdir</a> - Change current directory</li>
<li><a href="en/chdrive.html">f_chdrive</a> - Change current drive</li>
<li><a href="en/getcwd.html">f_getcwd</a> - Retrieve the current directory</li>
<li><a href="en/getfree.html">f_getfree</a> - Get free space on the volume</li>
<li><a href="en/getlabel.html">f_getlabel</a> - Get volume label</li>
<li><a href="en/setlabel.html">f_setlabel</a> - Set volume label</li>
<li><a href="en/mkfs.html">f_mkfs</a> - Create a file system on the drive</li>
<li><a href="en/fdisk.html">f_fdisk</a> - Divide a physical drive</li>
<li><a href="en/gets.html">f_gets</a> - Read a string</li>
<li><a href="en/putc.html">f_putc</a> - Write a character</li>
<li><a href="en/puts.html">f_puts</a> - Write a string</li>
<li><a href="en/printf.html">f_printf</a> - Write a formatted string</li>
<li><a href="en/tell.html">f_tell</a> - Get current read/write pointer</li>
<li><a href="en/eof.html">f_eof</a> - Test for end-of-file on a file</li>
<li><a href="en/size.html">f_size</a> - Get size of a file</li>
<li><a href="en/error.html">f_error</a> - Test for an error on a file</li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="para">
<h3>Device Control Interface</h3>
<p>Since the FatFs module is a file system driver, it is completely separated from physical devices, such as memory card, harddisk and any type of storage devices. The low level device control module is not a part of FatFs module. FatFs accesses the storage device via a simple interface described below. These functions are provided by implementer. Sample implementations for some platforms are also available in the downloads.</p>
<ul>
<li><a href="en/dstat.html">disk_status</a> - Get device status</li>
<li><a href="en/dinit.html">disk_initialize</a> - Initialize device</li>
<li><a href="en/dread.html">disk_read</a> - Read sector(s)</li>
<li><a href="en/dwrite.html">disk_write</a> - Write sector(s)</li>
<li><a href="en/dioctl.html">disk_ioctl</a> - Control device dependent features</li>
<li><a href="en/fattime.html">get_fattime</a> - Get current time</li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="para">
<h3>Resources</h3>
<p>The FatFs module is a free software opened for education, research and development. You can use, modify and/or redistribute it for personal projects or commercial products without any restriction under your responsibility. For further information, refer to the application note.</p>
<ul>
<li><a href="http://elm-chan.org/fsw/ff/bd/"><em>FatFs User Forum</em></a></li>
<li>Read first: <a href="en/appnote.html">FatFs module application note</a></li>
<li>Latest Information: <a href="http://elm-chan.org/fsw/ff/00index_e.html">http://elm-chan.org/fsw/ff/00index_e.html</a></li>
<li><a href="http://nemuisan.blog.bai.ne.jp/">Nemuisan's Blog</a>↗ (Well written implementations for STM32F/SDIO and LPC2300/MCI)</li>
<li><a href="http://www.siwawi.arubi.uni-kl.de/avr_projects/arm_projects/arm_memcards/index.html">ARM-Projects by Martin THOMAS</a>↗ (Examples for LPC2000, AT91SAM and STM32)</li>
<li><a href="http://www.microsoft.com/whdc/system/platform/firmware/fatgen.mspx">FAT32 Specification by Microsoft</a>↗ (The reference document on FAT file system)</li>
<li><a href="http://elm-chan.org/docs/fat.html">The basics of FAT file system [ja]</a></li>
<li><a href="http://elm-chan.org/docs/mmc/mmc_e.html">How to Use MMC/SDC</a></li>
<li><a href="img/rwtest.png">Benchmark 1</a> (ATmega64/9.2MHz with MMC via SPI, HDD/CFC via GPIO)</li>
<li><a href="img/rwtest2.png">Benchmark 2</a> (LPC2368/72MHz with MMC via MCI)</li>
<li><a href="http://members.jcom.home.ne.jp/felm/fd.mp4">Demo movie of an application</a> (this project is in ffsample.zip/lpc23xx)</li>
</ul>
</div>
<hr>
<p class="foot"><a href="../../fsw_e.html">Return</a></p>
</body>
</html>

236
src/gfile/fatfs/doc/00index_j.html → 3rdparty/fatfs-0.10b/doc/00index_j.html

@ -1,118 +1,118 @@
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd">
<html lang="ja">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8">
<meta http-equiv="Content-Style-Type" content="text/css">
<meta http-equiv="cache-control" content="no-cache">
<meta name="description" content="組み込みシステム向け汎用FATファイル・システム">
<link rel="start" title="Site Top" href="../../index_j.html">
<link rel="up" title="Freewares" href="../../fsw.html">
<link rel="alternate" hreflang="en" title="英文" href="00index_e.html">
<link rel="stylesheet" href="css_j.css" type="text/css" media="screen" title="ELM Default">
<title>FatFs 汎用FATファイルシステム・モジュール</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>FatFs 汎用FATファイルシステム・モジュール</h1>
<hr>
<div class="abst">
<img src="img/layers.png" class="rset" width="245" height="255" alt="layer">
<p>FatFsは小規模な組み込みシステム向けの汎用FATファイルシステム・モジュールです。ANSI C準拠でハードウェア・アーキテクチャには依存しないので、必要なワーク・エリアが確保できれば、8051, PIC, AVR, SH, Z80, 68k, H8, ARMなど安価なマイコンでも使用可能です。FatFsをシュリンクした<a href="http://elm-chan.org/fsw/ff/00index_p.html">ぷちFatFs</a>↗もあります。</p>
<h4>FatFsモジュールの特徴</h4>
<ul>
<li>Windows互換 FATファイル・システム</li>
<li>プラットフォーム非依存</li>
<li>コンパクトなコードとRAM使用量</li>
<li>多くの構成オプション:
<ul>
<li>複数のボリューム(物理ドライブ・区画)</li>
<li>DBCSを含む複数のANSI/OEMコード・ページ</li>
<li>長いファイル名(LFN) (Unicode APIも選択可)</li>
<li>マルチタスク関連</li>
<li>マルチ・セクタ・サイズ</li>
<li>リード・オンリー構成、一部APIの削除、バッファ構成、その他…</li>
</ul>
</li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="para">
<h3>上位レイヤ・インターフェース</h3>
<p>FatFsモジュールは、アプリケーション・レイヤに対し、次のファイル操作関数(API)を提供します。つまり、このリストはFatFsにできることをシンプルに示しています。</p>
<ul>
<li><a href="ja/mount.html">f_mount</a> - ワークエリアの登録・抹消</li>
<li><a href="ja/open.html">f_open</a> - ファイルのオープン・作成</li>
<li><a href="ja/close.html">f_close</a> - ファイルのクローズ</li>
<li><a href="ja/read.html">f_read</a> - ファイルの読み出し</li>
<li><a href="ja/write.html">f_write</a> - ファイルの書き込み</li>
<li><a href="ja/lseek.html">f_lseek</a> - リード/ライト・ポインタの移動, ファイルの拡張</li>
<li><a href="ja/truncate.html">f_truncate</a> - ファイル・サイズの切り詰め</li>
<li><a href="ja/sync.html">f_sync</a> - キャッシュされたデータのフラッシュ</li>
<li><a href="ja/forward.html">f_forward</a> - ファイル・データをストリーム関数に転送</li>
<li><a href="ja/stat.html">f_stat</a> - ファイル/サブ・ディレクトリの存在チェックと情報の取得</li>
<li><a href="ja/opendir.html">f_opendir</a> - ディレクトリのオープン</li>
<li><a href="ja/closedir.html">f_closedir</a> - ディレクトリのクローズ</li>
<li><a href="ja/readdir.html">f_readdir</a> - ディレクトリの読み出し</li>
<li><a href="ja/mkdir.html">f_mkdir</a> - サブ・ディレクトリの作成</li>
<li><a href="ja/unlink.html">f_unlink</a> - ファイル/サブ・ディレクトリの削除</li>
<li><a href="ja/chmod.html">f_chmod</a> - ファイル/サブ・ディレクトリの属性の変更</li>
<li><a href="ja/utime.html">f_utime</a> - ファイル/サブ・ディレクトリのタイムスタンプの変更</li>
<li><a href="ja/rename.html">f_rename</a> - ファイル/サブ・ディレクトリの名前の変更・移動</li>
<li><a href="ja/chdir.html">f_chdir</a> - カレント・ディレクトリの変更</li>
<li><a href="ja/chdrive.html">f_chdrive</a> - カレント・ドライブの変更</li>
<li><a href="ja/getcwd.html">f_getcwd</a> - カレント・ディレクトリの取得</li>
<li><a href="ja/getfree.html">f_getfree</a> - ボリューム空き領域の取得</li>
<li><a href="ja/getlabel.html">f_getlabel</a> - ボリューム・ラベルの取得</li>
<li><a href="ja/setlabel.html">f_setlabel</a> - ボリューム・ラベルの設定</li>
<li><a href="ja/mkfs.html">f_mkfs</a> - 論理ドライブのフォーマット</li>
<li><a href="ja/fdisk.html">f_fdisk</a> - 物理ドライブの分割</li>
<li><a href="ja/gets.html">f_gets</a> - 文字列の読み出し</li>
<li><a href="ja/putc.html">f_putc</a> - 文字の書き込み</li>
<li><a href="ja/puts.html">f_puts</a> - 文字列の書き込み</li>
<li><a href="ja/printf.html">f_printf</a> - 書式化文字列の書き込み</li>
<li><a href="ja/tell.html">f_tell</a> - 現在のリード/ライト・ポインタの取得</li>
<li><a href="ja/eof.html">f_eof</a> - ファイル終端の有無の取得</li>
<li><a href="ja/size.html">f_size</a> - ファイル・サイズの取得</li>
<li><a href="ja/error.html">f_error</a> - ファイルのエラーの有無の取得</li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="para">
<h3>下位レイヤ・インターフェース</h3>
<p>FatFsモジュールは、単なるファイル・システム・レイヤなので、ストレージ・デバイス制御レイヤは含まれません。使用するストレージに対応した制御関数は、ユーザによって提供される必要があります。FatFsモジュールは、下位レイヤに対し少なくとも次のインターフェースを要求します。OS関連機能を有効にしたときは、これに加えてプロセス/メモリ関連関数も必要になります。サンプル・プロジェクトに下位レイヤの実装例を示します。</p>
<ul>
<li><a href="ja/dstat.html">disk_status</a> - デバイスの状態取得</li>
<li><a href="ja/dinit.html">disk_initialize</a> - デバイスの初期化</li>
<li><a href="ja/dread.html">disk_read</a> - データの読み出し</li>
<li><a href="ja/dwrite.html">disk_write</a> - データの書き込み</li>
<li><a href="ja/dioctl.html">disk_ioctl</a> - その他のデバイス制御</li>
<li><a href="ja/fattime.html">get_fattime</a> - 日付・時刻の取得</li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="para">
<h3>資料</h3>
<p>FatFsモジュールはフリー・ソフトウェアとして教育・研究・開発用に公開しています。どのような利用目的(個人利用から商用まで)でも使用・改変・配布について一切の制限はありませんが、全て利用者の責任の下での利用とします。詳しくはアプリケーション・ノートを参照してください。</p>
<ul>
<li><a href="http://elm-chan.org/fsw/ff/bd/"><em>FatFsユーザ・フォーラム</em></a></li>
<li>最初に読め: <a href="ja/appnote.html">FatFsモジュール・アプリケーション・ノート</a></li>
<li>最新版: <a href="http://elm-chan.org/fsw/ff/00index_j.html">http://elm-chan.org/fsw/ff/00index_j.html</a></li>
<li><a href="http://nemuisan.blog.bai.ne.jp/">ねむいさんのぶろぐ</a>↗ (Well written implementations for STM32F/SDIO and LPC2300/MCI)</li>
<li><a href="http://www.siwawi.arubi.uni-kl.de/avr_projects/arm_projects/arm_memcards/index.html">ARM-Projects by Martin THOMAS</a>↗ (Examples for LPC2000, AT91SAM and STM32)</li>
<li><a href="http://www.microsoft.com/whdc/system/platform/firmware/fatgen.mspx">FATファイル・システム仕様書 by Microsoft</a>↗ (The reference document on FAT file system)</li>
<li><a href="http://elm-chan.org/docs/fat.html">FATファイル・システム概要</a>↗ (↑を読むためのガイド)</li>
<li><a href="http://elm-chan.org/docs/mmc/mmc.html">MMCの使いかた</a></li>
<li><a href="img/rwtest.png">パフォーマンス・テスト1</a> (ATmega64/9.2MHz with MMC via SPI, HDD/CFC via GPIO)</li>
<li><a href="img/rwtest2.png">パフォーマンス・テスト2</a> (LPC2368/72MHz with MMC via MCI)</li>
</ul>
</div>
<hr>
<p class="foot"><a href="../../fsw.html">戻る</a></p>
</body>
</html>
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd">
<html lang="ja">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8">
<meta http-equiv="Content-Style-Type" content="text/css">
<meta http-equiv="cache-control" content="no-cache">
<meta name="description" content="組み込みシステム向け汎用FATファイル・システム">
<link rel="start" title="Site Top" href="../../index_j.html">
<link rel="up" title="Freewares" href="../../fsw.html">
<link rel="alternate" hreflang="en" title="英文" href="00index_e.html">
<link rel="stylesheet" href="css_j.css" type="text/css" media="screen" title="ELM Default">
<title>FatFs 汎用FATファイルシステム・モジュール</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>FatFs 汎用FATファイルシステム・モジュール</h1>
<hr>
<div class="abst">
<img src="img/layers.png" class="rset" width="245" height="255" alt="layer">
<p>FatFsは小規模な組み込みシステム向けの汎用FATファイルシステム・モジュールです。ANSI C準拠でハードウェア・アーキテクチャには依存しないので、必要なワーク・エリアが確保できれば、8051, PIC, AVR, SH, Z80, 68k, H8, ARMなど安価なマイコンでも使用可能です。FatFsをシュリンクした<a href="http://elm-chan.org/fsw/ff/00index_p.html">ぷちFatFs</a>↗もあります。</p>
<h4>FatFsモジュールの特徴</h4>
<ul>
<li>Windows互換 FATファイル・システム</li>
<li>プラットフォーム非依存</li>
<li>コンパクトなコードとRAM使用量</li>
<li>多くの構成オプション:
<ul>
<li>複数のボリューム(物理ドライブ・区画)</li>
<li>DBCSを含む複数のANSI/OEMコード・ページ</li>
<li>長いファイル名(LFN) (Unicode APIも選択可)</li>
<li>マルチタスク関連</li>
<li>マルチ・セクタ・サイズ</li>
<li>リード・オンリー構成、一部APIの削除、バッファ構成、その他…</li>
</ul>
</li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="para">
<h3>上位レイヤ・インターフェース</h3>
<p>FatFsモジュールは、アプリケーション・レイヤに対し、次のファイル操作関数(API)を提供します。つまり、このリストはFatFsにできることをシンプルに示しています。</p>
<ul>
<li><a href="ja/mount.html">f_mount</a> - ワークエリアの登録・抹消</li>
<li><a href="ja/open.html">f_open</a> - ファイルのオープン・作成</li>
<li><a href="ja/close.html">f_close</a> - ファイルのクローズ</li>
<li><a href="ja/read.html">f_read</a> - ファイルの読み出し</li>
<li><a href="ja/write.html">f_write</a> - ファイルの書き込み</li>
<li><a href="ja/lseek.html">f_lseek</a> - リード/ライト・ポインタの移動, ファイルの拡張</li>
<li><a href="ja/truncate.html">f_truncate</a> - ファイル・サイズの切り詰め</li>
<li><a href="ja/sync.html">f_sync</a> - キャッシュされたデータのフラッシュ</li>
<li><a href="ja/forward.html">f_forward</a> - ファイル・データをストリーム関数に転送</li>
<li><a href="ja/stat.html">f_stat</a> - ファイル/サブ・ディレクトリの存在チェックと情報の取得</li>
<li><a href="ja/opendir.html">f_opendir</a> - ディレクトリのオープン</li>
<li><a href="ja/closedir.html">f_closedir</a> - ディレクトリのクローズ</li>
<li><a href="ja/readdir.html">f_readdir</a> - ディレクトリの読み出し</li>
<li><a href="ja/mkdir.html">f_mkdir</a> - サブ・ディレクトリの作成</li>
<li><a href="ja/unlink.html">f_unlink</a> - ファイル/サブ・ディレクトリの削除</li>
<li><a href="ja/chmod.html">f_chmod</a> - ファイル/サブ・ディレクトリの属性の変更</li>
<li><a href="ja/utime.html">f_utime</a> - ファイル/サブ・ディレクトリのタイムスタンプの変更</li>
<li><a href="ja/rename.html">f_rename</a> - ファイル/サブ・ディレクトリの名前の変更・移動</li>
<li><a href="ja/chdir.html">f_chdir</a> - カレント・ディレクトリの変更</li>
<li><a href="ja/chdrive.html">f_chdrive</a> - カレント・ドライブの変更</li>
<li><a href="ja/getcwd.html">f_getcwd</a> - カレント・ディレクトリの取得</li>
<li><a href="ja/getfree.html">f_getfree</a> - ボリューム空き領域の取得</li>
<li><a href="ja/getlabel.html">f_getlabel</a> - ボリューム・ラベルの取得</li>
<li><a href="ja/setlabel.html">f_setlabel</a> - ボリューム・ラベルの設定</li>
<li><a href="ja/mkfs.html">f_mkfs</a> - 論理ドライブのフォーマット</li>
<li><a href="ja/fdisk.html">f_fdisk</a> - 物理ドライブの分割</li>
<li><a href="ja/gets.html">f_gets</a> - 文字列の読み出し</li>
<li><a href="ja/putc.html">f_putc</a> - 文字の書き込み</li>
<li><a href="ja/puts.html">f_puts</a> - 文字列の書き込み</li>
<li><a href="ja/printf.html">f_printf</a> - 書式化文字列の書き込み</li>
<li><a href="ja/tell.html">f_tell</a> - 現在のリード/ライト・ポインタの取得</li>
<li><a href="ja/eof.html">f_eof</a> - ファイル終端の有無の取得</li>
<li><a href="ja/size.html">f_size</a> - ファイル・サイズの取得</li>
<li><a href="ja/error.html">f_error</a> - ファイルのエラーの有無の取得</li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="para">
<h3>下位レイヤ・インターフェース</h3>
<p>FatFsモジュールは、単なるファイル・システム・レイヤなので、ストレージ・デバイス制御レイヤは含まれません。使用するストレージに対応した制御関数は、ユーザによって提供される必要があります。FatFsモジュールは、下位レイヤに対し少なくとも次のインターフェースを要求します。OS関連機能を有効にしたときは、これに加えてプロセス/メモリ関連関数も必要になります。サンプル・プロジェクトに下位レイヤの実装例を示します。</p>
<ul>
<li><a href="ja/dstat.html">disk_status</a> - デバイスの状態取得</li>
<li><a href="ja/dinit.html">disk_initialize</a> - デバイスの初期化</li>
<li><a href="ja/dread.html">disk_read</a> - データの読み出し</li>
<li><a href="ja/dwrite.html">disk_write</a> - データの書き込み</li>
<li><a href="ja/dioctl.html">disk_ioctl</a> - その他のデバイス制御</li>
<li><a href="ja/fattime.html">get_fattime</a> - 日付・時刻の取得</li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="para">
<h3>資料</h3>
<p>FatFsモジュールはフリー・ソフトウェアとして教育・研究・開発用に公開しています。どのような利用目的(個人利用から商用まで)でも使用・改変・配布について一切の制限はありませんが、全て利用者の責任の下での利用とします。詳しくはアプリケーション・ノートを参照してください。</p>
<ul>
<li><a href="http://elm-chan.org/fsw/ff/bd/"><em>FatFsユーザ・フォーラム</em></a></li>
<li>最初に読め: <a href="ja/appnote.html">FatFsモジュール・アプリケーション・ノート</a></li>
<li>最新版: <a href="http://elm-chan.org/fsw/ff/00index_j.html">http://elm-chan.org/fsw/ff/00index_j.html</a></li>
<li><a href="http://nemuisan.blog.bai.ne.jp/">ねむいさんのぶろぐ</a>↗ (Well written implementations for STM32F/SDIO and LPC2300/MCI)</li>
<li><a href="http://www.siwawi.arubi.uni-kl.de/avr_projects/arm_projects/arm_memcards/index.html">ARM-Projects by Martin THOMAS</a>↗ (Examples for LPC2000, AT91SAM and STM32)</li>
<li><a href="http://www.microsoft.com/whdc/system/platform/firmware/fatgen.mspx">FATファイル・システム仕様書 by Microsoft</a>↗ (The reference document on FAT file system)</li>
<li><a href="http://elm-chan.org/docs/fat.html">FATファイル・システム概要</a>↗ (↑を読むためのガイド)</li>
<li><a href="http://elm-chan.org/docs/mmc/mmc.html">MMCの使いかた</a></li>
<li><a href="img/rwtest.png">パフォーマンス・テスト1</a> (ATmega64/9.2MHz with MMC via SPI, HDD/CFC via GPIO)</li>
<li><a href="img/rwtest2.png">パフォーマンス・テスト2</a> (LPC2368/72MHz with MMC via MCI)</li>
</ul>
</div>
<hr>
<p class="foot"><a href="../../fsw.html">戻る</a></p>
</body>
</html>

130
src/gfile/fatfs/doc/css_e.css → 3rdparty/fatfs-0.10b/doc/css_e.css

@ -1,65 +1,65 @@
* {margin: 0; padding: 0; border-width: 0;}
body {margin: 8px; background-color: #e0ffff; font-color: black; font-family: serif; line-height: 133%; max-width: 1024px;}
a:link {color: blue;}
a:visited {color: darkmagenta;}
a:hover {background-color: #a0ffff;}
a:active {color: darkmagenta; overflow: hidden; outline:none; position: relative; top: 1px; left: 1px;}
abbr {border-width: 1px;}
p {margin: 0 0 0.3em 1em;}
i {margin: 0 0.3em 0 0;}
b {margin: 0 0.1em;}
em {font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; margin: 0 0.1em;}
strong {}
pre {border: 1px dashed gray; margin: 0.5em 1em; padding: 0.5em; line-height: 1.2em; font-size: 85%; font-family: "Consolas", "Courier New", monospace; background-color: white;}
pre span.c {color: green;}
pre span.k {color: blue;}
pre span.arg {font-style: italic;}
tt {margin: 0 0.2em; font-size: 0.85em; font-family: "Consolas", "Courier New", monospace; }
tt.arg {font-style: italic;}
ol {margin: 0.5em 2.5em;}
ul {margin: 0.5em 2em;}
dl {margin: 0.5em 1em;}
dd {margin: 0 2em;}
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body {margin: 8px; background-color: #ffecf0; font-color: black; font-family: serif; line-height: 133%; max-width: 1024px;}
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549
src/gfile/fatfs/doc/en/appnote.html → 3rdparty/fatfs-0.10b/doc/en/appnote.html

@ -1,274 +1,275 @@
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd">
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1">
<meta http-equiv="Content-Style-Type" content="text/css">
<link rel="up" title="FatFs" href="../00index_e.html">
<link rel="alternate" hreflang="ja" title="Japanese" href="../ja/appnote.html">
<link rel="stylesheet" href="../css_e.css" type="text/css" media="screen" title="ELM Default">
<title>FatFs Module Application Note</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>FatFs Module Application Note</h1>
<ol class="toc">
<li><a href="#port">How to Port</a></li>
<li><a href="#limits">Limits</a></li>
<li><a href="#memory">Memory Usage</a></li>
<li><a href="#reduce">Module Size Reduction</a></li>
<li><a href="#lfn">Long File Name</a></li>
<li><a href="#unicode">Unicode API</a></li>
<li><a href="#reentrant">Re-entrancy</a></li>
<li><a href="#dup">Duplicated File Access</a></li>
<li><a href="#fs1">Performance Effective File Access</a></li>
<li><a href="#fs2">Considerations on Flash Memory Media</a></li>
<li><a href="#critical">Critical Section</a></li>
<li><a href="#fs3">Extended Use of FatFs API</a></li>
<li><a href="#license">About FatFs License</a></li>
</ol>
<hr>
<div class="para" id="port">
<h3>How to Port</h3>
<h4>Basic considerations</h4>
<p>The FatFs module is assuming following conditions on portability.</p>
<ul>
<li>ANSI C<br>
The FatFs module is a middleware written in ANSI C (C89). There is no platform dependence, so long as the compiler is in compliance with ANSI C.</li>
<li>Size of integer types<br>
The FatFs module assumes that size of char/short/long are 8/16/32 bit and int is 16 or 32 bit. These correspondence are defined in <tt>integer.h</tt>. This will not be a problem on most compilers. When any conflict with existing definitions is occured, you must resolve it with care.</li>
</ul>
<h4>System organizations</h4>
<p>The dependency diagram shown below is a typical configuration of the embedded system with FatFs module.</p>
<p><img src="../img/modules.png" width="580" height="280" alt="dependency diagram"></p>
<p>(a) If a working disk module with FatFs API is provided, no additional function is needed. (b) To attach existing disk drivers with different API, glue functions are needed to translate the APIs between FatFs and the drivers.</p>
<p><img src="../img/funcs.png" width="680" height="430" alt="functional diagram"></p>
<h4>Which function is required?</h4>
<p>You need to provide only low level disk I/O functions that required by FatFs module and nothing else. If a working disk module for the target is already existing, you need to write only glue functions to attach it to the FatFs module. If not, you need to port any other disk module or write it from scratch. Most of defined functions are not that always required. For example, disk write function is not required in read-only configuration. Following table shows which function is required depends on configuration options.</p>
<table class="lst2">
<tr><th>Function</th><th>Required when:</th><th>Note</th></tr>
<tr><td>disk_status<br>disk_initialize<br>disk_read</td><td>Always</td><td rowspan="5">Disk I/O functions.<br>Samples available in ffsample.zip.<br>There are many implementations on the web.</td></tr>
<tr><td>disk_write<br>get_fattime<br>disk_ioctl (CTRL_SYNC)</td><td>_FS_READONLY == 0</td></tr>
<tr><td>disk_ioctl (GET_SECTOR_COUNT)<br>disk_ioctl (GET_BLOCK_SIZE)</td><td>_USE_MKFS == 1</td></tr>
<tr><td>disk_ioctl (GET_SECTOR_SIZE)</td><td>_MAX_SS != _MIN_SS</td></tr>
<tr><td>disk_ioctl (CTRL_ERASE_SECTOR)</td><td>_USE_ERASE == 1</td></tr>
<tr><td>ff_convert<br>ff_wtoupper</td><td>_USE_LFN &gt;= 1</td><td>Unicode support functions.<br>Available in option/unicode.c.</td></tr>
<tr><td>ff_cre_syncobj<br>ff_del_syncobj<br>ff_req_grant<br>ff_rel_grant</td><td>_FS_REENTRANT == 1</td><td rowspan="2">O/S dependent functions.<br>Samples available in option/syscall.c.</td></tr>
<tr><td>ff_mem_alloc<br>ff_mem_free</td><td>_USE_LFN == 3</td></tr>
</table>
</div>
<div class="para" id="limits">
<h3>Limits</h3>
<ul>
<li>FAT sub-types: FAT12, FAT16 and FAT32.</li>
<li>Number of open files: Unlimited, depends on available memory.</li>
<li>Number of volumes: Upto 10.</li>
<li>File size: Depends on FAT specs. (upto 4G-1 bytes)</li>
<li>Volume size: Depends on FAT specs. (upto 2T bytes at 512 bytes/sector)</li>
<li>Cluster size: Depends on FAT specs. (upto 64K bytes at 512 bytes/sector)</li>
<li>Sector size: Depends on FAT specs. (512..4096 bytes)</li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="para" id="memory">
<h3>Memory Usage</h3>
<table class="lst2">
<tr><th></th><th>ARM7<small><br>32bit</small></th><th>ARM7<small><br>Thumb</small></th><th>CM3<small><br>Thumb-2</small></th><th>AVR</th><th>H8/300H</th><th>PIC24</th><th>RL78</th><th>V850ES</th><th>SH-2A</th><th>RX600</th><th>IA-32</th></tr>
<tr class="cal"> <td>Compiler</td><td>GCC</td><td>GCC</td><td>GCC</td><td>GCC</td><td>CH38</td><td>C30</td><td>CC78K0R</td><td>CA850</td><td>SHC</td><td>RXC</td><td>VC6</td></tr>
<tr class="cal"> <td>_WORD_ACCESS</td><td>0</td><td>0</td><td>0</td><td>1</td><td>0</td><td>0</td><td>0</td><td>1</td><td>0</td><td>1</td><td>1</td></tr>
<!-- ARM Thumb CM3 AVR H8 PIC24 RL78 V850ES SH-2A RX600 IA-32 -->
<tr class="lst3 ral"><td class="cal">text (Full, R/W)</td><td>10675</td><td>7171</td><td>6617</td><td>13355</td><td>10940</td><td>11722</td><td>13262</td><td>8113</td><td>9048</td><td>6032</td><td>7952</td></tr>
<tr class="ral"> <td class="cal">text (Min, R/W)</td> <td>6727</td><td>4631</td><td>4331</td> <td>8569</td> <td>7262</td> <td>7720</td> <td>9088</td><td>5287</td><td>5800</td><td>3948</td><td>5183</td></tr>
<tr class="ral"> <td class="cal">text (Full, R/O)</td> <td>4731</td><td>3147</td><td>2889</td> <td>6235</td> <td>5170</td> <td>5497</td> <td>6482</td><td>3833</td><td>3972</td><td>2862</td><td>3719</td></tr>
<tr class="ral"> <td class="cal">text (Min, R/O)</td> <td>3559</td><td>2485</td><td>2295</td> <td>4575</td> <td>4064</td> <td>4240</td> <td>5019</td><td>2993</td><td>3104</td><td>2214</td><td>2889</td></tr>
<tr class="ral"> <td class="cal">bss</td><td>V*4 + 2</td><td>V*4 + 2</td><td>V*4 + 2</td><td>V*2 + 2</td><td>V*4 + 2</td><td>V*2 + 2</td><td>V*2 + 2</td><td>V*4 + 2</td><td>V*4 + 2</td><td>V*4 + 2</td><td>V*4 + 2</td></tr>
<tr class="ral"> <td class="cal">Work area<br>(_FS_TINY == 0)</td><td>V*560<br>+ F*550</td><td>V*560<br>+ F*550</td><td>V*560<br>+ F*550</td><td>V*560<br>+ F*544</td><td>V*560<br>+ F*550</td><td>V*560<br>+ F*544</td><td>V*560<br>+ F*544</td><td>V*560<br>+ F*544</td><td>V*560<br>+ F*550</td><td>V*560<br>+ F*550</td><td>V*560<br>+ F*550</td></tr>
<tr class="ral"> <td class="cal">Work area<br>(_FS_TINY == 1)</td><td>V*560<br>+ F*36</td><td>V*560<br>+ F*36</td><td>V*560<br>+ F*36</td><td>V*560<br>+ F*32</td><td>V*560<br>+ F*36</td><td>V*560<br>+ F*32</td><td>V*560<br>+ F*32</td><td>V*560<br>+ F*36</td><td>V*560<br>+ F*36</td><td>V*560<br>+ F*36</td><td>V*560<br>+ F*36</td></tr>
</table>
<p>These are the memory usage on some target systems with following condition. The memory sizes are in unit of byte, <em>V</em> denotes number of volumes and <em>F</em> denotes number of open files. All samples are optimezed in code size.</p>
<pre>
FatFs R0.10a options:
_FS_READONLY 0 (R/W) or 1 (R/O)
_FS_MINIMIZE 0 (Full function) or 3 (Minimized function)
_USE_STRFUNC 0 (Disable string functions)
_USE_MKFS 0 (Disable f_mkfs function)
_USE_FORWARD 0 (Disable f_forward function)
_USE_FASTSEEK 0 (Disable fast seek feature)
_CODE_PAGE 932 (Japanese Shift-JIS)
_USE_LFN 0 (Disable LFN feature)
_MAX_SS 512 (Fixed sector size)
_FS_RPATH 0 (Disable relative path feature)
_FS_LABEL 0 (Disable volume label functions)
_VOLUMES V (Number of logical drives to be used)
_MULTI_PARTITION 0 (Single partition per drive)
_FS_REENTRANT 0 (Disable thread safe)
_FS_LOCK 0 (Disable file lock control)
</pre>
</div>
<div class="para" id="reduce">
<h3>Module Size Reduction</h3>
<p>Follwing table shows which API function is removed by configuration options for the module size reduction.</p>
<table class="lst2">
<tr><td rowspan="2">Function</td><td colspan="4">_FS_MINIMIZE</td><td colspan="2">_FS_READONLY</td><td colspan="2">_USE_STRFUNC</td><td colspan="3">_FS_RPATH</td><td colspan="2">_FS_LABEL</td><td colspan="2">_USE_MKFS</td><td colspan="2">_USE_FORWARD</td><td colspan="2">_MULTI_PARTITION</td></tr>
<tr><td>0</td><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>3</td><td>0</td><td>1</td><td>0&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td>1/2</td><td>0</td><td>1</td><td>2</td><td>0</td><td>1</td><td>0</td><td>1</td><td>0</td><td>1</td><td>0</td><td>1</td></tr>
<tr class="lst3"><td>f_mount</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_open</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_close</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_read</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_write</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_sync</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_lseek</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_opendir</td><td></td><td></td><td>x</td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_closedir</td><td></td><td></td><td>x</td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_readdir</td><td></td><td></td><td>x</td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_stat</td><td></td><td>x</td><td>x</td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_getfree</td><td></td><td>x</td><td>x</td><td>x</td><td></td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_truncate</td><td></td><td>x</td><td>x</td><td>x</td><td></td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_unlink</td><td></td><td>x</td><td>x</td><td>x</td><td></td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_mkdir</td><td></td><td>x</td><td>x</td><td>x</td><td></td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_chmod</td><td></td><td>x</td><td>x</td><td>x</td><td></td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_utime</td><td></td><td>x</td><td>x</td><td>x</td><td></td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_rename</td><td></td><td>x</td><td>x</td><td>x</td><td></td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_chdir</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_chdrive</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_getcwd</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td>x</td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_getlabel</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_setlabel</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_forward</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_mkfs</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_fdisk</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td>x</td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_putc</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td>x</td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_puts</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td>x</td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_printf</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td>x</td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>f_gets</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td>x</td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr>
</table>
</div>
<div class="para" id="lfn">
<h3>Long File Name</h3>
<p>FatFs module supports long file name (LFN). The two different file names, SFN and LFN, of a file is transparent in the file functions except for <tt>f_readdir()</tt> function. The LFN feature is disabled by default. To enable it, set <tt>_USE_LFN</tt> to 1, 2 or 3, and add <tt>option/unicode.c</tt> to the project. The LFN feature requiers a certain working buffer in addition. The buffer size can be configured by <tt>_MAX_LFN</tt> according to the available memory size. The size of long file name will reach up to 255 characters, so that the <tt>_MAX_LFN</tt> should be set to 255 for full featured LFN operation. If the size of working buffer is insufficient for the given file name, the file function fails with <tt>FR_INVALID_NAME</tt>. When enable the LFN feature with re-entrant configuration, <tt>_USE_LFN</tt> must be set to 2 or 3. In this case, the file function allocates the working buffer on the stack or heap. The working buffer occupies <tt>(_MAX_LFN + 1) * 2</tt> bytes.</p>
<table class="lst2 rset">
<caption>LFN cfg on ARM7TDMI</caption>
<tr><th>Code page</th><th>Program size</th></tr>
<tr><td>SBCS</td><td>+3.7K</td></tr>
<tr><td>932(Shift-JIS)</td><td>+62K</td></tr>
<tr><td>936(GBK)</td><td>+177K</td></tr>
<tr><td>949(Korean)</td><td>+139K</td></tr>
<tr><td>950(Big5)</td><td>+111K</td></tr>
</table>
<p>When the LFN feature is enabled, the module size will be increased depends on the selected code page. Right table shows how many bytes increased when LFN feature is enabled with some code pages. Especially, in the CJK region, tens of thousands of characters are being used. Unfortunately, it requires a huge OEM-Unicode bidirectional conversion table and the module size will be drastically increased that shown in the table. As the result, the FatFs with LFN feature with those code pages will not able to be implemented to most 8-bit microcontrollers.</p>
<p>Note that the LFN feature on the FAT file system is a patent of Microsoft Corporation. This is not the case on FAT32 but most FAT32 drivers come with the LFN feature. FatFs can swich the LFN feature off by configuration option. When enable LFN feature on the commercial products, a license from Microsoft may be required depends on the final destination.</p>
</div>
<div class="para" id="unicode">
<h3>Unicode API</h3>
<p>By default, FatFs uses ANSI/OEM code set on the API under LFN configuration. FatFs can also switch the character encoding to Unicode on the API (<tt>_LFN_UNICODE</tt>). This means the FatFs supports the True-LFN feature. For more information, refer to the description in the <a href="filename.html">file name</a>.</p>
</div>
<div class="para" id="reentrant">
<h3>Re-entrancy</h3>
<p>The file operations to the different volume is always re-entrant and can work simultaneously. The file operations to the same volume is not re-entrant but it can also be configured to thread-safe with <tt>_FS_REENTRANT</tt> option. In this case, also the OS dependent synchronization object control functions, <tt>ff_cre_syncobj(), ff_del_syncobj(), ff_req_grant() and ff_rel_grant()</tt> must be added to the project.</p>
<p>When a file function is called while the volume is in use by any other task, the file function is suspended until that task leaves file function. If wait time exceeded a period defined by <tt>_TIMEOUT</tt>, the file function will abort with <tt>FR_TIMEOUT</tt>. The timeout feature might not be supported by some RTOS.</p>
<p>There is an exception for <tt>f_mount(), f_mkfs(), f_fdisk()</tt> function. These functions are not re-entrant to the same volume or corresponding physical drive. When use these functions, all other tasks must unmount the volume and avoid to access the volume.</p>
<p>Note that this section describes on the re-entrancy of the FatFs module itself but also the low level disk I/O layer will need to be re-entrant.</p>
</div>
<div class="para" id="dup">
<h3>Duplicated File Access</h3>
<p>FatFs module does not support the read/write collision control of duplicated open to a file. The duplicated open is permitted only when each of open method to a file is read mode. The duplicated open with one or more write mode to a file is always prohibited, and also open file must not be renamed and deleted. A violation of these rules can cause data colluption.</p>
<p>The file lock control can also be available by <tt>_FS_LOCK</tt> option. The value defines the number of open objects to manage simultaneously. In this case, if any open, rename or remove that violating the file shareing rule that described above is attempted, the file function will fail with <tt>FR_LOCKED</tt>. If number of open files and sub-directories gets larger than <tt>_FS_LOCK</tt>, the open function will fail with <tt>FR_TOO_MANY_OPEN_FILES</tt>.</p>
</div>
<div class="para" id="fs1">
<h3>Performance Effective File Access</h3>
<p>For good read/write throughput on the small embedded systems with limited size of memory, application programmer should consider what process is done in the FatFs module. The file data on the volume is transferred in following sequence by <tt>f_read()</tt> function.</p>
<p>Figure 1. Sector misaligned read (short)<br>
<img src="../img/f1.png" width="490" height="110" alt="">
</p>
<p>Figure 2. Sector misaligned read (long)<br>
<img src="../img/f2.png" width="490" height="140" alt="">
</p>
<p>Figure 3. Fully sector aligned read<br>
<img src="../img/f3.png" width="490" height="119" alt="">
</p>
<p>The file I/O buffer is a sector buffer to read/write a partial data on the sector. The sector buffer is either file private sector buffer on each file object or shared sector buffer in the file system object. The buffer configuration option <tt>_FS_TINY</tt> determins which sector buffer is used for the file data transfer. When tiny buffer (1) is selected, data memory consumption is reduced 512 bytes each file object. In this case, FatFs module uses only a sector buffer in the file system object for file data transfer and FAT/directory access. The disadvantage of the tiny buffer configuration is: the FAT data cached in the sector buffer will be lost by file data transfer and it must be reloaded at every cluster boundary. However it will be suitable for most application from view point of the decent performance and low memory comsumption.</p>
<p>Figure 1 shows that a partial sector, sector misaligned part of the file, is transferred via the file I/O buffer. At long data transfer shown in Figure 2, middle of transfer data that covers one or more sector is transferred to the application buffer directly. Figure 3 shows that the case of entier transfer data is aligned to the sector boundary. In this case, file I/O buffer is not used. On the direct transfer, the maximum extent of sectors are read with <tt>disk_read()</tt> function at a time but the multiple sector transfer is divided at cluster boundary even if it is contiguous.</p>
<p>Therefore taking effort to sector aligned read/write accesss eliminates buffered data transfer and the read/write performance will be improved. Besides the effect, cached FAT data will not be flushed by file data transfer at the tiny configuration, so that it can achieve same performance as non-tiny configuration with small memory footprint.</p>
</div>
<div class="para" id="fs2">
<h3>Considerations on Flash Memory Media</h3>
<p>To maximize the write performance of flash memory media, such as SDC, CFC and U Disk, it must be controlled in consideration of its characteristitcs.</p>